The iceberg can be a good illustration for a leadership principle, too.
It's expressed as a phrase:
The tip of the iceberg
What it means in scientific terms is that the bulk of the typical iceberg (from 80-90%) is below the surface of the water. The visible part is only about 10% or so.
What's visible is important - but what's below the surface is critical.
Just ask the captain of the Titanic.
In leadership terms, Dr. Tim Elmore expressed it this way:
10% of a leader's makeup is skill
90% of a leader's makeup is character
So much of a leader's influence comes from qualities we can't see - the stuff below the surface. Elmore goes on to say that character is the sum of:
- Self-discipline - the ability to do what's right even if you don't feel like it
- Core values - principles you live by that enable you to make a moral stand
- Sense of identity - a realistic self-image based on who God made you to be
- Emotional security - the capacity to be emotionally stable and consistent